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Q&A: Which Employers are Required to Provide FMLA?

The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) provides covered employees job-protected, unpaid leave for family or medical related reasons, such as to care for a sick family member or the birth or adoption of a child. Private sector employers that have 50 or more employees for at least 20 workweeks (does not have to be consecutive) in the current or preceding calendar year are required to provide FMLA to eligible employees.

When counting your employees, include any employee whose name appears on your payroll any working day of a calendar week, regardless of whether they received compensation for the week.

Once your organization meets the 50-employees-for-20-workweeks threshold, it remains covered until it reaches a point in the future when it has no longer employed 50 employees for 20 (nonconsecutive) workweeks in the current and preceding calendar year.

It’s important to note that public agencies and local educational agencies (such as school boards and public/private elementary and secondary schools) are covered by FMLA regardless of the number of employees.

You can find more FMLA-related information and example paperwork on the platform.

This Q&A does not constitute legal advice and does not address state or local law.

Answer from Jenny, SPHR, SHRM-SCP:
Over her 20 years of experience, Jenny has specialized in helping small to mid-sized businesses across a variety of industries reduce their risks and manage employee relationship issues. Jenny holds a Bachelors of Business Administration (BBA) degree in Human Resources Management from the University of Georgia and a Masters of Business Administration (MBA) degree with a concentration in Human Resources Management from Georgia State University.

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