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Q&A: Are job descriptions required by law?

Question:

Are job descriptions required by law?

Answer from Marisa, PHR:

Job descriptions are not required by law, but they’re certainly great to have and serve several purposes.

First, a job description, when accurately written, should reflect the actual work done. The applicant or employee can see what will be expected of them and to what they’ll be held accountable. The job description helps eliminate any confusion about what job duties are assigned to the employee. It will also prove useful when conducting performance evaluations and goal setting, as you will have a clear description of what the employee is expected to accomplish in their position.

Second, a well-written job description will list the essential functions of the job and the knowledge, skills, and abilities required to do it. This information will be used as documentation in the event an employee misrepresented their qualifications for the position or is simply not performing to the expected standard. With a clear job description, you’d be able to terminate the employee with less risk of an unlawful termination claim.

Finally, a job description should indicate the basic expectations for the person in the position, including how many hours per week you expect from an employee, whom they report to, and whether the position is non-exempt or exempt. This allows an employee to be aware of the time commitment, whether to expect overtime pay and whom they should go to with questions.

Picture of Marisa, PHR

Marisa, PHR

Marisa has experience working in a wide variety of HR areas, including payroll, staffing, and on-/ off-boarding. She has worked at both national and local companies, in a wide range of businesses and industries. Marisa earned her B.S. in Business Administration and Communications from the University of Oregon. She loves watching football and basketball, volunteering and spending time with her two dogs.

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HR Girlfriends™ is a Human Resources networking organization dedicated to advancing the practice and culture of people empowerment. Our team of Girlfriends consult, train, educate, develop, share, promote, and advocate for solutions in the field of human resource management.

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